Materials: from Timber to Steel

Raw and composite materials at highest risk of embedded slavery:

Verité “Commodities Atlas” and the U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor, Grace Farms analysis


Steel undergoes complex processing with numerous materials including nickel, chromium, and manganese. This processing and material extractions are invisible doorways to forced labor.



Timber is one of the most widely used construction material in the world, ranks as the 5th largest product by value at risk of forced labor imported into the United States.

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From Specification to Source: Grace Farms’ Roof Study

Grace Farms’ general contractor Sciame Construction examines source components used in our 60,000 square-foot roof. The methods used can help from specifications to sourcing.

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